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Dearth of S African coal exports raises global supply risk


09 Jul 2021 13:02




09 Jul 2021 13:02

(Montel) No coal has loaded at South Africa’s main export hub at Richards Bay since Tuesday, with infrastructure and coronavirus-related issues exacerbating broader market concerns about tightening global supply, market participants said.

Two vessels left the Richards Bay Coal Terminal (RBCT) on Tuesday, bound for Asia-Pacific destinations, but vessel-tracking data provided by marine data service VesselsValue showed no further loadings since.

This compared with 16 vessels – laden with a combined 1.4m tonnes – leaving the port last week, earmarked for countries including as Pakistan, Singapore, China and Madagascar.

“My logic says it’s a combination of issues [including] slow rail rates and high Covid-19 rates, which have been causing unfair havoc in most business operations,” said a South African coal trader.

“Last week’s derailment and next week’s rail maintenance will not help any short stock position already created,” he said.

Stocks at the port were seen last at a little over 3m tonnes, according to market sources.

Operations along South Africa’s coal rail network to RBCT remained restricted, following a derailment last Saturday, while operator Transnet Rail Freight (TFR) has scheduled a fortnight’s maintenance from next week, which will halt all railings to the port.

The trader said TFR and RBCT had already agreed to cut volumes from over 70m tonnes in 2020 to just 59m tonnes this year.

A spokeswoman for TFR told Montel one of two lines affected by the recent derailment remained closed, but speed restrictions on the second line had been lifted on Friday.

“It is now operating at an improved 40km/hour,” she said, compared with restrictions of 11km/hour previously.

A spokesperson for RBCT was not immediately available for comment.

A dry bulk strategist with a European utility said the lack of recent loadings also likely reflected more stringent Covid-19 testing on crew members.

Supply tightness
The disruptions come at a time of already limited global supply, coupled with buoyant demand for the fuel, particularly in the Pacific basin.

The Global Coal Richards Bay index was assessed last at USD 120.75/t, up 2.5% on the week and only marginally below the multi-year high of USD 122.50/t seen earlier in the week.

This has contributed to recent gains for the Atlantic basin’s API 2 market, with front-month prices last seen up USD 2.80/t on the day at USD 123.75/t.

On Monday, the contract hit a decade high of USD 125.50/t.

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