(Montel) Enagas plans to invest EUR 4.2bn-6.3bn in European green-hydrogen infrastructure between 2025 and 2040, including transport and storage, the Spanish TSO said on Tuesday.
The firm was planning 46 renewable gas projects with other collaborators, which could lead to investments of up to EUR 5bn from 2023, he added. This would include 30 hydrogen and 16 biomethane projects, in addition to developing LNG to decarbonise maritime, rail and land transport.
The investment estimate was based on analysis by European TSOs under the European Hydrogen Backbone initiative, which predicts a green hydrogen network would largely utilise existing gas transport infrastructures, Llarden said.
It would not be possible to say what the hydrogen market might look like until the end of 2022, he added, noting the European Commission is analysing how it could be structured.
"There may be a regulated part and a liberalised part. We have to consider that it’s a new market that doesn’t exist," he said.
TSOs could initially participate in electrolyser projects as minority shareholders or help develop the market for the first 10-12 years and then withdraw, he added.
Enagas is “fully committed” to emissions neutrality and moved its decarbonisation target forward 10 years due to a “very rigorous” technical plan, Llarden said. Last year, the company pledged to be carbon neutral by 2050.
It has reduced its emissions by 63% from the equivalent of 571 tonnes of CO2 in 2014 and expects this to drop to 180 tonnes by 2030, it said at the results presentation.
Despite a difficult environment due to the Covid-19 crisis and industry suspensions, natural gas demand in Spain was 360 TWh in 2020, up 3.1% on 2018.
This was 9.6% lower than 2019 when gas replaced coal in power generation and demand hit a nine-year high of 398 TWh.
Enagas reported EUR 615m in earnings before interest and taxes (Ebit) in 2020, a 4.5% year-on-year decline.